Together to conquer the universe, technology billionaires like Jeff Bezos, Elon Musk and billionaire Richard Branson cherish different ambitions.
Jeff Bezos with the goal of cheap space travel
Founded in 2000, Blue Origin has a long-term goal of making space travel affordable and reliable for everyone, using reusable launch vehicles. According to data as of June 2021 of Craft.co , Blue Origin has about 3,390 employees. The company’s capitalization remains shrouded in secrecy.
On July 20, Blue Origin became the first company to conduct an unmanned suborbital flight, with a civilian crew. When he returned to the green planet, Jeff Bezos expressed his desire to send polluting industries into space to keep the Earth clean, and his flight helped reinforce that promise.
Jeff Bezos and his crew flew aboard the New Shepard for a vertical takeoff. Tests show that the train can reach a maximum altitude of 343,000 feet (more than 100 km), higher than Virgin Galactic’s vehicle, at a speed of more than 2,200 mph (more than 3,500 km / h). The train can accommodate up to 6 passengers. However, the official fare for the flight has yet to be announced.
Richard Branson and his dream of dominating space tourism
Since 2004, Virgin Galactic has aimed to lead the space tourism market through a line of aircraft that allows customers to experience weightlessness at suborbital heights. According to estimates from Macrotrends from 2020, Virgin Galactic has 823 employees, market capitalization reaches 7.5 billion USD.
While the July 11 flight wasn’t the company’s first successful manned flight, it was an iconic journey attended by billionaire Richard Branson and marked a major test before Virgin Galactic. commercial operation commenced.
Unlike Blue Origin, Virgin Galactic uses spaceplanes, not reusable rockets. The spacecraft itself must be raised to a certain height by the carrier’s launch pad, and then will fly further on its own with an internal booster. VSS Unity aircraft can accommodate a total of 8 people, including 2 pilots and 6 passengers. The aircraft can reach a maximum altitude of about 282,000 feet, a speed of 2,435 mph. Ticket price for a trip is 250,000 USD.
Elon Musk with the ambition to “occupy” Mars
Launched in 2002, SpaceX is not only an aerospace company but also provides space transportation and communication services. It is the first private company to launch a spacecraft into orbit and successfully recover it, send it to the International Space Station (ISS), and also the first private manufacturer for vertical take-off aircraft. and vertical landing orbital rockets. With between 9,500 and 10,000 employees, Forbes estimates SpaceX has a market value of $74 billion.
Elon Musk and SpaceX’s long-term goal is a bit unusual, instead of aiming to commercialize space flight, he wants to make Mars a colony of Earth.
While industry rivals have flown passengers into space, SpaceX has made headlines with its Crew-1 mission to bring astronauts to the ISS as part of the Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Commercial Crew Program USA (NASA). Their vehicle is the SpaceX Dragon spacecraft, launched on a reusable Falcon 9 rocket.
However, SpaceX has not revealed details about the mission to conquer Mars. Only know that the company still maintains its programs and cooperates with NASA and many other experts to draft the plan. The Starship system – SpaceX’s reusable launch vehicle could play an important role in sending humans to the Red Planet.
(According to Thanh Nien)